Costituzione 05 maggio 1985
Repubblica Turca di Cipro del Nord: The Constitution of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS, 5 maggio 1985.
PART I. – GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1 – The Form and Characteristics of the State:
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a secular republic based on the principles of supremacy of democracy, social justice and law.
PART II. – FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS, LIBERTIES AND DUTIES
Chapter II – Rights, Liberties and Duties of Persons
Article 23 – Freedom of Conscience and Religion:
1. Every individual has freedom of conscience, religious faith and opinion.
2. Forms of worship and religious ceremonies and rites are free provided they do not contravene public order or public morals or the laws enacted for these purposes.
3. No person shall be compelled to worship; to participate in religious ceremonies and rites or to reveal his religious faith or belief; and no person shall be reproached for his religious faith or belief.
4. Religious education and teaching is carried out under the supervision and control of the State.
5. No person shall exploit or abuse, in any manner whatsoever, religion or religious feelings or things considered sacred by religion for the purpose of founding, even though partially, the basic social, economic, political or legal order of the State on religious precepts or for the purpose of securing political or personal advantage or influence. In the case of real or legal persons violating this prohibition or inducing others to do so, the provisions of the relevant law shall be applied and political parties shell be permanently closed down by the Supreme Court sitting as the Constitutional Court.
Article 24 – Freedom of Thought, Speech and Expression:
1. Every person has the right to freedom of thought or opinion. No person shall be compelled to disclose his throughs and opinion. There is no offence of thought.
2. Every person has the right to express and publish his thoughts and opinion, by himself or collectively, by word of mouth, in writing, through pictures or other media.
This right includes freedom to express opinion and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by any public authority and regardless of the boundaries of the State.
3. The exercise of the freedom of speech and of the freedom of expression may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions, or penalties as are necessary and prescribed by law only in the interest of national security or the constitutional order or the public safety or the public order or the public health or the public morals or for the protection of the reputation or rights of others or for preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence or for maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary.
Article 32 – The Right of Assembly and Demonstration:
Citizens have the right to organize an unarmed and non-violent assembly or public demonstration without obtaining prior permission. This right may be restricted by law only for safeguarding public order.
Article 33 – The Right to Form Associations:
1. Every citizen has the right to from associations without prior permission. The manner and method of exercising this right shall be laid down by law. The law may impose restrictions in the interests of national security, public order and public morals.
2. No citizen shall be compelled to become a member of any association or to remain as a member of any association.
3. Associations may, where provided by law, be closed down by an order of a judge; and in cases where a delay is considered objectionable from the point of view of safeguarding national security, public order or public morals, an association’s functions may be suspended until a decision is given by a judge, by an order of the authority expressly empowered by law.