Costituzione, 17 novembre 1991.
Taking as the points of departure the historical, cultural, spiritual and statehood heritage of the Macedonian people and their struggle over centuries for national and social freedom as well as the creation of their own state,
the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia adopts the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia:
Citizens of the Republic of Macedonia are equal in their freedoms and rights, regardless of sex, race, colour of skin, national and social origin, political and religious beliefs, property and social status.
All citizens are equal before the Constitution and law.
The freedom of personal conviction, conscience, thought and public expression of thought is guaranteed.
The freedom of religious confession is guaranteed.
The right to express one’s faith freely and publicly, individually or with others is guaranteed.
The Macedonian Orthodox Church and other religious communities and groups are free to establish schools and other social and charitable institutions, by ways of a procedure regulated by law.
The programmes and activities of political parties and other associations of citizens may not be directed at the violent destruction of the constitutional order of the Republic, or at encouragement or incitement to military aggression or ethnic, racial or religious hatred or intolerance.
The Republic guarantees the protection of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of the nationalities.
Members of the nationalities have the right to establish institutions for culture and art, as well as scholarly and other associations for the expression, fostering and development of their identity.
The freedoms and rights of the individual and citizen can be restricted only in cases determined by the Constitution. The freedoms and rights of the individual and citizen can be restricted during states of war or emergency, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
The restriction of freedoms and rights cannot discriminate on grounds of sex, race, colour of skin, language, religion, national or social origin, property or social status.
The restriction of freedoms and rights cannot be applied to the right to life, the interdiction of torture, inhuman and humiliating conduct and punishment, the legal determination of punishable offences and sentences, as well as to the freedom of personal conviction, conscience, thought and religious confession.
The Constitutional Court of Macedonia
– protects the freedoms and rights of the individual and citizen relating to the freedom of communication, conscience, thought and activity as well as to the prohibition of discrimination among citizens on the grounds of sex, race, religion or national, social or political affiliation;
Dossier: Unione europea
Parole chiave: Patrimonio culturale, Libertà di culto, Identità culturale, Identità religiosa, Intolleranza, Libertà di coscienza, Libertà di pensiero, Libertà fondamentali, Scuole confessionali, Principio di uguaglianza, Patrimonio spirituale, Chiesa ortodossa, Identità etnica