Sentenza 14 giugno 1943
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette: un caso di interferenza tra libertà di coscienza e libertà di espressione nel sistema scolastico americano
Data: 14 giugno 1943
File PDF: 6910-sentenza-14-giugno-1943.pdf
"There is no doubt that, in connection with the pledges, the flag salute is a form of utterance. Symbolism is a primitive but effective way of communicating ideas. The use of an emblem or flag to symbolize some system, idea, institution, or personality is a short-cut from mind to mind. Causes and nations, political parties, lodges, and ecclesiastical groups seek to knit the loyalty of their followings to a flag or banner, a color or design. The State announces rank, function, and authority through crowns and maces, uniforms and black robes; the church speaks through the Cross, the Crucifix, the altar and shrine, and clerical raiment. Symbols of State often convey political ideas, just as religious symbols come to convey theological ones. Associated with many of these symbols are appropriate gestures of acceptance or respect: a salute, a bowed or bared head, a bended knee. A person gets from a [p633] symbol the meaning he puts into it, and what is one man's comfort and inspiration is another's jest and scorn."